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  1. Blues Music In The Sixties A Story In Black And White
  2. Music history of the United States in the 1960s
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One notable difference is the frequent use of a straight eighth-note or rock rhythm instead of triplets usually found in blues. An example is Cream 's " Crossroads ".

Blues Music In The Sixties A Story In Black And White

Although it was adapted from Robert Johnson 's " Cross Road Blues ", the bass "combines with drums to create and continually emphasize continuity in the regular metric drive". Rock and blues have historically always been closely linked, with driving rhythms and electric guitar techniques such as distortion and power chords already used by s blues guitarists, particularly Memphis bluesmen such as Joe Hill Louis , Willie Johnson and Pat Hare. His instrumentals from that period were recognizable as blues or rhythm and blues tunes, but he relied heavily upon fast-picking techniques derived from traditional American country and bluegrass genres.

The best-known of these are the Billboard hit singles " Memphis " and "Wham! Fronted by blues harp player and singer Paul Butterfield, it included two members from Howlin' Wolf's touring band, bassist Jerome Arnold and drummer Sam Lay , and later two electric guitarists, Mike Bloomfield and Elvin Bishop. AllMusic 's Michael Erlewine commented, "Used to hearing blues covered by groups like the Rolling Stones, that first album had an enormous impact on young and primarily White rock players.

Their early recordings focused heavily on electric versions of Delta blues songs, but soon began exploring long musical improvisations " jams " built around John Lee Hooker songs. In the UK, several musicians honed their skills in a handful of British blues bands, primarily those of Cyril Davies and Alexis Korner. The electric guitar playing of Jimi Hendrix a veteran of many American rhythm and blues and soul groups from the early-mids and his power trios , the Jimi Hendrix Experience and Band of Gypsys , had a broad and lasting influence on the development of blues rock, especially for guitarists.

Feelgood , Rory Gallagher and Robin Trower. Beginning in the early s, American bands such as Aerosmith fused blues with a hard rock edge. Blues rock grew to include Southern rock bands, like the Allman Brothers Band , ZZ Top and Lynyrd Skynyrd , while the British scene, except for the advent of groups such as Status Quo and Foghat , became focused on heavy metal innovation.

Blues ' Black & White' ~ * Robert Cray, Buddy Guy, Eric Clapton, BB King *

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Blues rock Stylistic origins Electric blues rock. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message.


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Heavy Metal: The Music and its Culture. DaCapo, Sound of the Beast. Retrieved May 10, The New York Times.

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Retrieved April 19, Skydog: The Duane Allman Story. Included in this group was Henry Lewis , who emerged in as the first African-American instrumentalist in a leading American symphony orchestra, an early "musical ambassador" in support of cultural diplomacy in Europe and the first African-American conductor of a major American symphonic ensemble in The s also saw increased popularity of hard blues in the style from the earliest part of the century, both in the United States and United Kingdom. The s also saw doo-wop style become popular.

Doo-wop had been developed through vocal group harmony with the musical qualities of different vocal parts, nonsense syllables, little or no instrumentation, and simple lyrics. It usually involved ensemble single artists appearing with a backing group. Solo billing was given to lead singers who were more prominent in the musical arrangement. A secularized form of American gospel music called soul also developed in the mid s, with pioneers like Ray Charles , [19] Jackie Wilson and Sam Cooke leading the wave.

In , Hank Ballard releases a song for the new dance style "The Twist" which became the new dance crave from the early 60's into the 70's. In , Berry Gordy founded Motown Records , the first record label to primarily feature African-American artists aimed at achieving crossover success. The label developed an innovative—and commercially successful—style of soul music with distinctive pop elements. In the UK, British blues became a gradually mainstream phenomenon, returning to the U. Soul music, however, remained popular among black people through highly evolved forms such as funk , developed out of the innovations of James Brown.

In , the Civil Rights Act outlawed major forms of discrimination towards African Americans and women. As tensions started to die down, more African American musicians crossed over into mainstream taste. Some artists who successfully crossed over were Aretha Franklin , James Brown , and Ella Fitzgerald in the pop and jazz worlds, and Leontyne Price and Kathleen Battle in the realm of the classical music. By the end of the decade, Black people were part of the psychedelia and early heavy metal trends, particularly by way of the ubiquitous Beatles' influence and the electric guitar innovations of Jimi Hendrix.

Psychedelic soul , a mix of psychedelic rock and soul began to flourish with the s culture.

Music history of the United States in the 1960s

Even more popular among Black people, and with more crossover appeal, was album-oriented soul in the late s and early s, which revolutionized African-American music. The genre's intelligent and introspective lyrics, often with a socially aware tone, were created by artists such as Marvin Gaye in What's Going On , and Stevie Wonder in Songs in the Key of Life.

The s was a great decade for Black bands playing melodic music. Album-oriented soul continued its popularity, while musicians such as Smokey Robinson helped turn it into Quiet Storm music. The sound of Disco evolved from black musicians creating Soul music with an up-tempo melody. However, this music was integrated into popular music achieving mainstream success. White listeners preferred country rock , singer-songwriters , stadium rock , soft rock , glam rock , and, in some subcultures, heavy metal and punk rock. During the s, The Dozens , an urban African-American tradition of using playful rhyming ridicule , developed into street jive in the early '70s, which in turn inspired a new form of music by the late s: hip-hop.

Beginning at block parties in The Bronx , hip-hop music arose as one facet of a large subculture with rebellious and progressive elements. DJs spun records, most typically funk, while MCs introduced tracks to the dancing audience. Over time, DJs, particularly Jamaican immigrant DJ Kool Herc for instance, began isolating and repeating the percussion breaks , producing a constant, eminently danceable beat, which they or MCs began rapping over, through rhymes and eventually sustained lyrics.

In the South Bronx , the half-speaking, half-singing rhythmic street talk of 'rapping' grew into a cultural force known as Hip hop. In the s, Michael Jackson had record-breaking success with his albums Off the Wall , Bad , and Thriller — the latter remaining the best-selling album of all time — transforming popular music and uniting races, ages and genders, and would eventually lead to successful crossover black solo artists, including Prince , Lionel Richie , Luther Vandross , Tina Turner , Whitney Houston , and Janet Jackson.

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Pop and dance-soul of this era inspired new jack swing by the end of the decade. Hip-hop spread across the country and diversified. Go-go developed during this period, with only Miami bass achieving mainstream success. But, before long, Miami bass was relegated primarily to the Southeastern US , while Chicago house had made strong headways on college campuses and dance arenas i. The DC go-go sound of Miami bass was essentially a regional sound that did not garner much mass appeal. Chicago house sound had expanded into the Detroit music environment and mutated into more electronic and industrial sounds creating Detroit techno , acid, jungle.

Eventually, European audiences embraced this kind of electronic dance music with more enthusiasm than their North American counterparts. These variable sounds let the listeners prioritize their exposure to new music and rhythms while enjoying a gigantic dancing experience. In the later half of the decade, from about , rap took off into the mainstream with Run-D. Both of these groups mixed rap and rock together, which appealed to rock and rap audiences. Hip-hop took off from its roots and the golden age hip hop flourished, with artists such as Eric B.

Hip Hop became popular in America until the late s, when it went worldwide. The golden age scene would die out by the early s as gangsta rap and g-funk took over, with west-coast artists Dr. While heavy metal music was almost exclusively created by white performers in the s and s, there were a few exceptions.

The band's music contained lyrics that attack what they perceived as the Eurocentrism and racism of America. A decade later, more black artists like Lenny Kravitz , Body Count , Ben Harper , and countless others would start playing rock again. Singer-songwriters such as R. According to one music writer, D'Angelo 's critically acclaimed album Voodoo "represents African American music at a crossroads To simply call [it] neo-classical soul Furthermore, the music was accompanied by aesthetically creative and unique music videos.

The hip-hop movement has become increasingly mainstream as the music industry has taken control of it. Essentially, "from the moment 'Rapper's Delight' went platinum, hiphop the folk culture became hiphop the American entertainment-industry sideshow. In June , Michael Jackson died unexpectedly from a cardiac arrest, triggering a global outpouring of grief. A documentary film consisting of rehearsal footage for Jackson's scheduled This Is It tour, entitled Michael Jackson's This Is It , was released on October 28, , and became the highest-grossing concert film in history.

In , no African-American musician had a Billboard Hot number one.